Peer review policy

●The practice of peer review is intended to ensure that only good science is published. As an objective method of guaranteeing excellence in scholarly publishing, it has been adopted by all reputable scientific journals. Our referees play a vital role in maintaining the high standards of TheJournal of Agriculture and Development (JAD), which is why all incoming manuscripts are peer reviewed following the procedure outlined below. (For procedures regarding Special Issues, see the Note at the end of this document).

Initial manuscript evaluation

●One of the Chief Editors first evaluates all submitted manuscripts. It is rare, but it is possible for an exceptional manuscript to be accepted at this stage. Manuscripts rejected at this stage are insufficiently original, have serious scientific flaws, have poor grammar or English language, or are outside the aims and scope of the journal. Those that meet the minimum criteria are normally passed on to at least two expert referees for reviewing.

●Authors of manuscripts rejected at this stage will usually be informed within two weeks of receipt.

Type of peer review

●The JAD employs ‘double blind’ reviewing, in which the referees remain anonymous to the author(s) throughout and following the refereeing process, whilst the identity of the author(s) is likewise unknown to the reviewers.

How the referee is selected

●Whenever possible, referees are matched to the paper according to their expertise. As our reviewer database is constantly being updated, we welcome suggestions for referees from the author(s), though such non-binding recommendations are not necessarily used.

Referee reports

●Referees are asked to evaluate whether the manuscript:

Is original as to thought and method (including data)

Is methodologically sound

Has results which are clearly presented and support the conclusions

Correctly and exhaustively references previous relevant work

Follows appropriate ethical guidelines, especially as concerns plagiarism

Clearly adds to the knowledge and development of the field

●Language correction is not part of the peer review process, but referees are encouraged to suggest corrections of language and style to the manuscript. In the final round, the handling Editor will check matters of linguistic and stylistic correctness, and may suggest or apply corrections at this point. In rare cases, the manuscript may be returned to the author(s) for a full linguistic and stylistic revision.

How long does the review process take?

●The time required for the review process is dependent on the response of the referees. For the JAD, the typical time for the first round of the refereeing process is approximately 6 weeks, with a maximum of three months. Should the referees’ reports contradict one another or a report is unnecessarily delayed, a further expert opinion may be sought. In the rare cases when it is extremely difficult to find a second referee to review the manuscript, whilst the one referee’s extant report has thoroughly convinced the handling Editor, a decision to accept, reject or ask the author for a revision may be made, at the handling Editor’s discretion, on the basis of only one referee report. The handling Editor’s decision will be sent to the author with the referees’ recommendations, usually including the latter’s verbatim comments. As a rule, revised manuscripts are sent to the initial referees for checking; these may then request further revision.

Final report

●A final decision to accept or reject the manuscript will be sent to the author along with the recommendations made by the referees, including (if applicable) the latter’s verbatim comments.

The Chief Editor's decision is final

●Referees advise the Chief Editor, who is responsible for the final decision to accept or reject the article.

●Becoming a referee for the JAD

-If you are not currently a referee for the Journal of Agriculture and Development but would like to be considered as a referee, please contact the editorial office at The benefits of refereeing for the JAD include the opportunity to see and evaluate the latest work in your research area at an early stage, and to contribute to the overall integrity of scientific research and its published documentation. Reviewers who submit their reports using the online submission system also receive, for every review provided, a month’s free access to our journal database. You may also be able to cite your work for the JAD as part of your professional development requirements for various professional societies and organizations. It should be stressed, however, that submitted manuscripts are proprietary material, and that it is not permissible to quote from a refereed manuscript without the explicit permission of the author(s) and the Publisher.

Note on refereeing of Special issues and the like

●Special issues and/or conference proceedings may have different peer review procedures involving, for example, Guest Editors, conference organizers, or scientific committees, who all report to the Special Issues Editor and ultimately, the Chief Editor. Authors contributing to these projects may receive full details of the peer review process on request from the editorial office ( or can visit to download the guidelines. Alternatively, they may contact the Special Issues Editor for guidance.